I’ve worked in various management structures during my professional career which has the benefit of seeing some of the ins-and-outs of each style. Management structure in this context is not necessarily the management style of your direct supervisor. It’s more directed at the enterprise level management culture that is setup by organizational and executive management designs. Most often, writers talk about centralized versus decentralized organizations.
At the highest level they are referring to where decisions are made. Are they made at the corporate office with C-Level executives and pushed down to each organizational unit? Or are they made closer to the point of sale with general managers of each division?
Centralized Management and Process Workers
Decentralized Management and Knowledge Workers
“The good-to-great companies built a consistent system with clear constraints, but they also gave people freedom and responsibility within the framework of that system. They hired self-disciplined people who didn’t need to be managed, and then managed the system, not the people.”